Who doesn’t love the freedom of flying across the open water? The warm sunshine, the cool waves — any day topside is a great day in our book. Any responsible boater knows that safety ensures a good time on the water. One element of safety that can’t be overlooked is the knowledge of common boat knots and how to use them properly.
Formula is happy to offer helpful boating tips and tricks to maximize your enjoyment on the water. We’ve gathered together this guide to essential knots for boaters to reference and practice.
Knowing how to confidently and successfully operate a boat requires extensive knowledge of boating techniques on and offshore. One of the most important skills you should learn is how to tie knots for boating. There are many types of nautical knots, and it is important to have a basic knowledge of which rope knots to use in a variety of situations.
Why do watercraft owners need to know knot tying for boats? Depending on the function of the rope — for instance, if it’s used for docking or hoisting sails — there is a specific type of knot that helps you accomplish the task at hand. Using the wrong type of knot can be ineffective and unsafe.
The first piece of knowledge you should know about boating knots is that not all knots are referred to as knots. The term “knot” refers to knots tied on the end of a single rope line. Bends are knots used to join two lines together. Hitches are knots used to secure rope lines to another object that’s not another line, such as a cleat or stanchion.
A few other rope terms boaters should know are the bight and the working end. The bight is the loop formed on a rope while the working end — or standing end — is the opposite end of the rope that is not secured to anything. There are many reasons why all boaters need to be able to identify which type of knot, hitch or bend is required to secure a line.
There are many types of nautical knots, but which are considered important sailing knots boat owners should know? Thankfully, most boaters can get by learning how to tie a few common knots. Here is a quick guide discussing many essential knots for sailors to use, why they are used for boating and how to tie them correctly. Practice these techniques in your spare time and you’ll be all squared away in no time.
The bowline knot is one of the basic knots we believe all boaters should master. Of the many important boating knots you should know, the bowline knot is relied on for its versatility due to the fact that its fixed noose won’t allow the rope to run or slip. Although it’s secure, it can be easily untied manually no matter how tight the knot is. Practice these steps to tie a bowline knot:
For more robust tightness, use a double bowline boating knot. This involves the same steps as a traditional bowline knot except you’ll wrap the rope around your hand twice. There are other types of bowline knots as well, including the Spanish bowline, running bowline, Portuguese bowline and the bowline on a bight.
Any time you tie a knot in a line, you hope you’ve used the correct knot, bend or hitch properly and it won’t come loose. Unfortunately, a great knot might not stop a line from pulling through a rope clutch. Thankfully, you can tie a stopper knot to the end of any rope to prevent this from happening. Stopper knots do not come untied easily like other knots, making them ideal for heavy-duty applications. To tie a stopper knot on a line:
When securing a line to a cleat — fittings which temporarily or permanently secure a line from a boat to a dock — you need to use a proper cleat hitch. Using another knot, bend or hitch is not recommended, making the cleat hitch knot one of the essential knots for boaters to know. If you have any spare time on a dock, deck or boat, practice tying a cleat hitch knot by performing these steps:
When learning how to tie knots, you’ll notice that some types of nautical knots pair well with other hitches or bends. For example, two half hitches can be added to a clove hitch to prevent slipping. Two half hitches are quite simple to tie on a line:
When talking about two half hitches, it’s important to understand why a single half hitch is rarely ever used alone. A single half hitch is simply an overhand knot tied on a rope wrapped around an object. Unfortunately, it’s not strong or secure on its own. However, it can lend additional support to another, stronger knot.
What if you’re tying a boat to a dock or deck and the structure lacks cleats for a secure cleat hitch? You can easily use a rolling hitch to secure the vessel to a post. Use this secure method by:
The rolling hitch is more secure, but if you need an effective hitch to secure your vessel to a pole temporarily, you can also use a clove hitch. Clove hitches are used for different applications, particularly those which aren’t heavy-duty, like securing fender whips. The lines of these hitches require constant pressure and can come loose through significant movement. To tie a clove hitch to a pole:
When tying two lines together, it’s helpful to know how to tie a sheet bend. Also known as a weaver’s knot or a becket bend, the sheet bend knot can secure two ropes of different diameters or sizes. If you take a look at a traditional fishing net, you’ll notice that all ropes are joined by sheet bends. Learn sheet bend knot tying for boats by practicing the following steps:
There is also a slipped sheet bend that helps you quickly untie your lines even if they’re tied to a load. After you finish step four of the traditional sheet bend, run the working end back under the standing part of the line then tighten by pulling both ends of the standing line.
Even though it’s called a bend, the anchor bend knot is actually a type of hitch knot. The anchor bend is unsurprisingly used regularly to tie a rope to an anchor then secure the anchor to the ship. Other uses include securing the rope to a ring or another point of termination.
When securing a heavy load, you’ll need a reliable knot like the trucker’s hitch. The knots used in this hitch enable it to be pulled as tight as possible without giving any slack. Trucker’s hitches are reliable and easy to use once you master these steps:
If you’re new to boating but have a little knowledge about ropes, you may have heard of the figure-eight knot in another context. The figure-eight knot is also used in rock climbing, and you may hear this stopper knot referred to as a Flemish bend or a figure-eight bend. Boaters prefer this popular easy to undo knot because it provides a safe, simple and secure way to keep two ropes together. To tie a simple figure-eight knot in a single rope, follow these steps:
Practice these steps to learn how to tie a figure-eight bend with two ropes:
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Boating safely and responsibly involves using your skills and knowledge to operate your boat efficiently. Knowing the essential knots, why they’re used and how to use them in the right context will keep you and your passengers all squared away. Even when you memorize their uses, the only way to hone your skill is through consistent practice both on and off of the water.
The waves are waiting for you. Open up a world of fun with your family and friends on a Formula boat. Find a dealer near you or contact us today to begin building your own personalized Formula boat. Be sure to visit our blog for more of the best tips and interesting information you need to have a great time on and offshore.